Plant Pictorial Database
Thumbnail & Brief Description
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Plant List By: | Thumbnail & Brief Description | Thumbnail | Botanical Name |
Scientific name: Echinacea purpurea
Family: Asteraceae
Synonym:Brauneria purpurea, Rudbeckia purpurea
Common name: Purple Coneflower
Chinese name: 紫松果菊
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 10 November 2012
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Scientific name: Echinochloa colona
Family: Poaceae
Synonym: Panicum colonum
Common name: Jungle Rice, Awnless Barnyard Grass
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 25 April 2009
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Scientific name: Echinochloa crus-galli
Family: Poaceae
Synonym: E. spiralis, Panicum crus-galli
Common name: Barnyard Grass
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 23 July 2011
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Scientific name: Echinodorus cordifolius
Family: Alismataceae
Synonym: Alisma cordifolium
Common name: Creeping Burhead, Spade-leaf Plant, Radican Sword Plant
Location: Indonesia
Date taken: 23 December 2008
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Scientific name: Echinodorus palaefolius
Family: Alismataceae
Synonym: Sagittaria palaefolia
Common name: Mexican Sword-plant
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 13 February 2013
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Scientific name: Eclipta prostrata
Family: Asteraceae
Synonym: E. prostrata
Common name: White Heads, False Daisy
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 23 March 2008
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Scientific name: Eichhornia crassipes
Family: Pontederiaceae
Synonym: Pontederia crassipes
Common name: Lilac Devil, Water Hyacinth
Chinese name: 凤眼莲 , 布袋莲
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 22 March 2009
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Scientific name: Elaeis guineensis
Family: Arecaceae
Synonym: E. madagascariensis, E. melanococca
Common name: Oil Palm
Chinese name: 油棕
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 26 June 2011
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Scientific name: Elaeocarpus acmosepalus
Family: Elaeocarpaceae
Common name: -
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 11 February 2012
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Scientific name: Elaeocarpus ferrugineus
Family: Elaeocarpaceae
Common name: Rusty Oil Fruit
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 13 May 2008
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Scientific name: Elaeocarpus grandiflorus
Family: Elaeocarpaceae
Synonym: E. lanceolatus, E. radicans, Cerea radicans
Common name: Lily of the Valley Tree
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 3 January 2012
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Scientific name: Elaeocarpus mastersii
Family: Elaeocarpaceae
Common name: Small-leaf Oil Fruit
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 2 May 2011
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Scientific name: Elaeocarpus petiolatus
Family: Elaeocarpaceae
Synonym: Monocera petiolata
Common name: -
Chinese name: 长柄杜英
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 13 February 2011
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Scientific name: Elaeocarpus stipularis
Family: Elaeocarpaceae
Synonym: E. fissistipulus, E. helferi, E. tomentosus
Common name: -
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 7 November 2011
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Scientific name: Elatostema reticulatum
Family: Urticaceae
Common name: Rainforest Spinach
Location: Indonesia
Date taken: 24 December 2008
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Scientific name: Eleiodoxa conferta
Family: Arecaceae
Synonym: E. microcarpa, E. orthoschista, E. scortechinii, E. xantholepis, Salacca conferta, Salacca scortechinii
Common name: Kelubi, Kelumi, Asam Paya
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 15 March 2014
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Scientific name: Eleocharis geniculata
Family: Cyperaceae
Common name: Spikerush
Chinese name: 黑籽荸荠
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 12 September 2010
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Scientific name: Eleocharis ochrostachys
Family: Cyperaceae
Common name: Spikerush
Chinese name: 日月潭藺
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 20 December 2008
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Scientific name: Eleocharis vivipara
Family: Cyperaceae
Synonym: E. curtisii, Chlorocharis vivipara
Common name: Viviparous Spikerush, Sprouting Spikerush, Hairgrass
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 8 August 2009
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Scientific name: Elephantopus mollis
Family: Asteraceae
Synonym: E. scaber
Common name: Elephant's Foot
Chinese name: 地胆草
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 24 May 2014
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Scientific name: Elephantopus tomentosus
Family: Asteraceae
Common name: Devil's Grandmother
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 6 December 2009
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Scientific name: Elettariopsis curtisii
Family: Zingiberaceae
Synonym: E. diphylla, E. serpentina, Cyphostigma curtisii, Cyphostigma diphyllum, Cyphostigma latiflorum, Cyphostigma serpentinum
Common name: -
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 16 December 2011
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Scientific name: Eleusine indica
Family: Poaceae
Common name: Goose Grass
Chinese name: 牛筋草
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 20 May 2008
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Scientific name: Eleutheranthera ruderalis
Family: Asteraceae
Synonym: Melampodium ruderale
Common name: Ogiera
Chinese name: 离药金腰箭
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 25 April 2008
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Scientific name: Eleutherococcus trifoliatus
Family: Araliaceae
Synonym: Acanthopanax aculeatus, Acanthopanax trifoliatus, Panax aculeatus, Zanthoxylum trifoliatum
Common name: Three-leaved Eleutherococcus
Chinese name: 毛脉三叶五加, 三加皮, 苦粒心
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 22 April 2009
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Scientific name: Embelia ribes
Family: Myrsinaceae
Common name: Common Embelia
Chinese name: 白花酸藤果 , 白花酸藤子
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 2 January 2009
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Scientific name: Emilia sonchifolia
Family: Asteraceae
Synonym: E. javanica, Cacalia sagittata, Cacalia sonchifolia, Hieracium javanicum
Common name: Cupid's Shaving Brush
Chinese name: 紫背草 ,一点红 , 叶下红 , 羊蹄草
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 25 April 2008
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Scientific name: Encephalartos hildebrandtii
Family: Zamiaceae
Common name: -
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 7 July 2009
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Scientific name: Endospermum diadenum
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonym: Melanolepis diadena
Common name: Bulan-bulan Tree, Senduk Senduk Mata
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 25 August 2012
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Scientific name: Enkleia malaccensis
Family: Thymelaeaceae
Synonym: E. andamanica, E. coriacea, E. malayana, E. riouwensis, E. siamensis, Lasiosiphon scandens, Linostoma scandens, Linostoma siamensis
Common name: -
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 29 December 2012
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Scientific name: Entada spiralis
Family: Fabaceae
Common name: -
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 7 December 2012
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Scientific name: Epiphyllum oxypetalum
Family: Cactaceae
Common name: Lady of the Night, Night Blooming Cereus, Dutchman's-Pipe Cactus
Chinese name: 昙花 , 琼花
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 26 January 2008
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Scientific name: Epipremnum amplissimum
Family: Araceae
Synonym: Rhaphidophora amplissima
Common name: Devil's Ivy
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 3 August 2014
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Scientific name: Epipremnum aureum
Family: Araceae
Synonym: Pothos aureus, Scindapsus aureus
Common name: Silver Vine, Devil's Ivy, Money Plant

Chinese name: 绿萝 , 黄金葛
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 24 October 2009
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Scientific name: Epipremnum giganteum
Family: Araceae
Synonym: Pothos gigantea, Monstera gigantea, Scindapsus giganteus, Rhaphidophora gigantea
Common name: Greater Epipremnum
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 3 July 2010
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Scientific name: Epipremnum pinnatum
Family: Araceae
Synonym: E. mirabile, Philodendron nechodomae, Pothos pinnatus, Rhaphidophora merrillii
Common name: Dragon-tail Plant
Chinese name: 麒麟叶 , 爬树龙 , 拎树藤
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 13 May 2008
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Scientific name: Episcia cupreata
Family: Gesneriaceae
Common name: Flame Violet, Carpet Plant
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 10 August 2009
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HYBRID/CULTIVAR [1]
Scientific name: Equisetum hyemale
Family: Equisetaceae
Synonym: E. hiemale, E. robustum, E. prealtum, Hippochaete hyemalis
Common name: Horsetail, Scouring Rush
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 17 April 2010
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Scientific name: Eragrostis atrovirens
Family: Poaceae
Synonym: E. atroviridis, Poa atrovirens
Common name: Thalia Lovegrass
Chinese name: 鼠妇草
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 26 September 2010
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Scientific name: Eragrostis tenella
Family: Poaceae
Synonym: E. amabilis, E. plumosa, Poa amabilis, Poa plumosa, Poa tenella
Common name: Love Grass, Japanese Love Grass
Chinese name: 鲫鱼草
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 1 May 2010
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Scientific name: Eragrostis unioloides
Family: Poaceae
Synonym: E. formosana, Poa unioloides
Common name: Chinese Love Grass
Chinese name: 牛虱草
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 21 February 2009
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Scientific name: Eriobotrya japonica
Family: Rosaceae
Synonym: Mespilus japonica
Common name: Loquat
Chinese name: 枇杷
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 12 May 2010
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Scientific name: Eriocaulon willdenovianum
Family: Eriocaulaceae
Synonym: E. longifolium
Common name: Pipewort
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 6 March 2010
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Scientific name: Erycibe leucoxyloides
Family: Convolvulaceae
Common name: -
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 13 February 2013
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Scientific name: Erycibe tomentosa
Family: Convolvulaceae
Common name: -
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 14 August 2011
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Scientific name: Eryngium foetidum
Family: Apiaceae
Common name: Sawtooth Coriander, Culantro, Long Coriander, Fitweed
Chinese name: 刺芫荽
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 13 September 2008
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Scientific name: Erythrina crista-galli
Family: Fabaceae
Synonym: Micropteryx crista-galli
Common name: Cockscomb, Cockspur Coral Tree, Cry-baby Tree
Chinese name: 刺桐
Location: Indonesia
Date taken: 26 December 2008
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Scientific name: Erythrina vespertilio
Family: Fabaceae
Synonym: E. biloba, Corallodendron vespertilio
Common name: Bat's Wing Coral Tree
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 21 October 2013
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Scientific name: Erythrophleum suaveolens
Family: Fabaceae
Synonym: E. guineense, Fillaea suaveolens
Common name: Ordeal Tree
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 18 August 2012
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Scientific name: Erythroxylum cuneatum
Family: Erythroxylaceae
Synonym: E. burmanicum, E. sumatranum
Common name: Inai Inai, Wild Cocaine
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 5 November 2011
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Scientific name: Etlingera elatior
Family: Zingiberaceae
Synonym: Nicolaia elatior, Nicolaia speciosa, Phaeomeria speciosa
Common name: Torch Ginger
Chinese name: 姜花 , 玫瑰姜 , 火炬姜
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 16 March 2007
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Scientific name: Euclinia longiflora
Family: Rubiaceae
Synonym: Randia macrantha
Common name: Angels' Trumpets, Tree Gardenia
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 22 March 2009
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Scientific name: Eucrosia bicolor
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Common name: Peruvain Lily
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 26 May 2012
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Scientific name: Eugenia reinwardtiana
Family: Myrtaceae
Synonym: E. carissoides, Myrtus reinwardtiana
Common name: Beach Cherry, Cedar Bay Cherry
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 11 March 2012
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Scientific name: Eugenia stipitata
Family: Myrtaceae
Common name: Araza
Location: Singaopore
Date taken: 21 July 2010
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Scientific name: Eugenia uniflora
Family: Myrtaceae
Synonym: E. brasiliana, E. michelii, E. myrtifolia, Myrtus brasiliana
Common name: Surinam Cherry, Brazilian Cherry, Pitanga
Chinese name: 红果仔 , 棱果蒲桃
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 3 October 2010
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Scientific name: Eulophia graminea
Family: Orchidaceae
Common name: Grass Orchid
Chinese name: 美冠兰
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 14 August 2010
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Scientific name: Eulophia spectabilis
Family: Orchidaceae
Synonym: Wolfia spectabilis
Common name: Grass Orchid
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 13 December 2008
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Scientific name: Euodia ridleyi
Family: Rutaceae
Common name: Evodia
Location: Malaysia
Date taken: 19 December 2007
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Scientific name: Euphorbia antiquorum
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonym: E. cactus, E. cervicornis, E. nivulia
Common name: Triangular Spurge
Chinese name: 火殃勒
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 2 October 2010
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Scientific name: Euphorbia bracteata
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonym: Pedilanthus bracteatus, Pedilanthus pavonis, Diadenaria pavonis
Common name: Little Bird Flower
Chinese name: 小鸟花 , 翠雀珊瑚
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 14 February 2010
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Scientific name: Euphorbia heterophylla
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonym: E. geniculata, E. prunifolia, Poinsettia heterophylla
Common name: Mexican Fireplant
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 16 June 2012
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Scientific name: Euphorbia milii
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonym: E. bojeri, E. splendens
Common name: Crown of Thorns
Chinese name: 铁海棠
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 26 June 2010
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Scientific name: Euphorbia neriifolia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Common name: Indian Spurge Tree
Chinese name: 金刚纂 , 火殃勒
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 18 December 2010
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Scientific name: Euphorbia tirucalli
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonym: E. viminalis, E. geayi, E. laro, E. media, E. rhipsalioides, E. scoparia, E. suareziana, E. gymnoclada, E. entheurodoxa, Tithymalus tirucalli, Tirucalia indica, Arthrothamnus tirucalli
Common name: Pencil Bush, Pencil Tree
Chinese name: 绿玉树
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 4 October 2009
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Scientific name: Euphorbia tithymaloides
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonym: Pedilanthus tithymaloides
Common name: Devil's Backbone, Japanese Poinsettia, Redbird Flower, Slipper Flower
Chinese name: 红雀珊瑚 , 银龙木
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 30 August 2014
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Scientific name: Eurya acuminata
Family: Theaceae
Synonym: E. euprista, E. japonica, E. multiflora, E. phyllanthoides, E. wallichiana
Common name: -
Chinese name: 尖叶柃
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 26 November 2011
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Scientific name: Eurycoma longifolia
Family: Simaroubaceae
Synonym: E. merguensis, Picroxylon siamense, Manotes asiatica
Common name: Tongkat Ali, Ali's Umbrella
Chinese name: 东革亚里
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 7 April 2010
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Scientific name: Exacum affine
Family: Gentianaceae
Common name: Persian Violet
Chinese name: 紫芳草
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 12 March 2011
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Scientific name: Excoecaria agallocha
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonym: E. affinis, E. camettia, E. ovalis, Commia cochinchinensis, Stillingia agallocha
Common name: Blind-your-eye, River Poison Tree
Chinese name: 海漆
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 6 January 2008
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Scientific name: Excoecaria cochinchinensis
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Synonym: E. bicolor
Common name: Chinese Croton
Chinese name: 红背桂 , 青紫木
Location: Singapore
Date taken: 19 January 2008
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